Fauchard, Pierre

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 1678 Brittany, France
d. 27 March 1761 Paris, France
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French surgeon and dentist, pioneer of dental fillings.
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With John Hunter, Fauchard was the pioneer of rational dentistry. His treatise published in 1728 stated, "The most celebrated surgeons having abandoned this branch of surgery, …their negligence gave rise to a class of persons who, without theoretic knowledge or experience… practised it at hazard, having neither principles or system." He described how to fill a dental cavity using either tin, lead or gold and proposed porcelain as an improvement on bone or ivory for artificial teeth. This latter proposal is thought to have been suggested by René-Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur (1683–1757) who was connected with the porcelain factory at Sèvres.
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Bibliography
1728, Le Chirurgien dentiste, ou traité des dents, Paris.
Further Reading
R.F.C.Minn, 1941, Pierre Fauchard—Surgeon Dentist.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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